Archive for the ‘Atheism’ Category
According to a recent RedC poll Ireland is losing its religion faster than most countries. Now we must of course be wary of polls and declaring the end of religion as we know is still a bit presumptuous, but the poll is encouraging. For me it is obvious that the increase in non-believers has coincided with an increasingly educated population, wider access to information and the inevitable decline in the influence of the church. It is clear that the abuse scandals, cover ups and authoritarian reaction from the church to all this has done its fair share in damaging the influence of Catholicism. But I would be more inclined to think that regardless of the all the scandals this decrease in religiosity and move towards secularism was an inevitability.
We live in a time where science is uncovering truths and debunking myths at a rate of knots. It is a wooden stake in the heart of myth and mediaevalism and for many believers it is becoming harder to reconcile the myths and doctrines of their religion with the hard cold reality of scientific fact. Not to mind the Vatican’s obvious disconnection with the social realities of modern society. Their teachings with regard to homosexuality, contraception, and a host of other moronic dictates are at odds with the thinking of a majority of people in Ireland.
The church is increasingly isolated in its thinking and its dogmatic arrogance and narcissism only furthers the widening gap between a modern forward thinking population and a dusty irrelevant dictatorship. With every new scientific discovery from the Higgs Boson to an understanding of human consciousness, the creation fantasies and claims of the Judeo-Christian religions are eroded one step at a time.
While we may never live in a world free of religion we can live in a world where it is domesticated and its more destructive forms are sidelined and treated with the contempt they deserve. But we have a long way to go yet.
Scanning through the news today I keep coming across the non-story that is Katie Holmes and Tom Cruise’s inevitable divorce.
Each report starting out with some blurb regarding the divorce followed by updates that Miss Holmes has already moved on and sold the wedding ring on E-Bay.
Then it is followed by the questions, “Did Scientology cause the divorce?” and “Is Scientology a cult?” the excited reporter then spends several minutes expounding on the fundamentals of Scientology and their belief system, while trying not to laugh when they get to the part about aliens and Thetans. Insinuating that it is indeed a nasty, evil, mind controlling cult that brave little Katie finally escaped from.
Yet I doubt very much if either of them were members of the Christian community the news media would be filled with serious faced reporters asking “Is Catholicism a cult?” with follow ups like, “Was Jesus a conman?”
So Scientology is a cult because they believe in aliens and Catholicism is an accepted religion even though they believe in a Jewish zombie who is his own father and can grant you immortality if you pray to him telepathically?
Like most Irish people of my generation I grew up going to mass every Sunday, went to a Catholic school and took part in the usual cult like initiation rituals like communion and then confirmation. It was in primary school when I was very young that my first suspicions that maybe this god stuff was not all it was made out to be started to germinate.
Every now and then one of the local parish priests would arrive, unannounced of course, and spend several hours telling us that Jesus loved us and if we didn’t love him back just as much we’d burn in hell. Along with the obligatory prayer sessions, we also went to confession once a month (8 year olds being renowned for their wickedness) where we would usually wait patiently for our turn to go into the confession box and make up some sins.
Usually the sins in question were discussed and agreed upon with fellow class mates beforehand.
But well I remember one particular priest who just loved to make children cry, for horrific crimes such as not blessing ones self right or for having said a bad word(fuck having been just discovered). While we sat waiting our turn, child after child would come out crying hands clasped tightly together ready to say 20 Hail Marys in order to be forgiven for their crimes.
Even then I felt that something about this chap, who was supposed to represent the essence of love, was flawed. But it was one particular occasion when I had my epiphany. A different priest, a scarecrow like character with a bald pate, pinched face and permanent hunch arrived in for the usual indoctrination session. After several suicide inducing hours he began talking about good old Adam and Eve and the talking snake. One clearly precocious student (alas not me) eagerly threw his hand into the air to ask a question. Essentially asking, well if this is true then what about all that evolution stuff we’ve been covering as well?
The scarecrow sputtered and waffled, that the only truth was the truth in the Bible etc his head bobbing sagely, eyes bulging at the effrontery of such a question, while our teacher busied herself with finding something under her desk, lest her opinion be asked.
And I knew, I just knew he was lying. My young mind couldn’t really quite grasp why or intellectualise the feeling but there it was, the genesis of my journey to atheism. By the time I was in high school I’d discarded the entire edifice of Christian belief and told my parents that mass and I would be parting company.
But it was as an adult that I began to look forensically at religion and it’s proponents. The hateful, misogynistic, genocidal and narcissistic nature of the god all these people believed in was so obvious to me that it was clear it was a man-made delusion. Its entire purpose to act as a security blanket against the guaranteed end awaiting us all and as a powerful weapon of control over the illiterate , gullible and uneducated.
Add the insane claims these religion make for themselves, their seemingly never-ending thirst for killing people who disagree with them, it really is a miracle anyone believes at all. And without obligatory religious indoctrination of children in many schools throughout the world the number of religious people would be far fewer than it is now.
Thankfully in Europe religion has for the most part been domesticated and reduced to the realm of personal belief where it should be. But we still have a very long way to go.
While I do not believe in a god I do accept the idea of the numinous and love that frisson of excitement that I get when I hear or see something that touches me profoundly whether it be art, music, science or a line of prose. For these are far more rewarding than any biblical fairy tale and I dare anyone to look at the Hubble Deep Field image and not to be awed and to see how paltry and petty religion is in comparison.
We are lucky to live in a time when we’ve had the eloquence of the late Christopher Hitchens fighting for reason alongside, Dawkins, Harris and A.C Grayling.
So what happens after we die? no idea and it doesn’t matter because what’s important is what we do while we live.
I’ll leave the final world to the great Christopher Hitchens.
Michael Nugent was in primary school when he lost his faith. While working on a project on the gospels he had an epiphany, “I realised the comic book nature of the bible” So at a very early age Mr. Nugent started questioning the existence of God. His journey to becoming a fully fledged atheist had begun.
With mass attendance in dramatic decline and the churches’ standing in Irish society severely battered due to the exposure of a litany of sexual abuse cases. The Irish Catholic psyche has suffered blow after blow to its collective faith in the church. Added to the seemingly never ending reports, Ireland’s societal and financial changes have helped create an entire generation with little or no interest in religion as a part of their life; never before in Ireland has there been as open a space for alternative views on the metaphysical and for the skeptical questioning of the relevance and even the veracity of Judeo – Christian creation stories. It is into this space Michael Nugent and Atheist Ireland have stepped.
Atheist Ireland as an advocacy group came about organically according to Mr. Nugent. A friend, Seamus Murnane set up the initial website as a forum for Irish non-believers. Following much discussion on the website and inspired by renowned atheist Richard Dawkins’s bus campaign, which had 800 London buses running with advertisements stating ‘There’s probably no god so stop worrying and enjoy your life’. The decision was made to push the site off the screen and into the real world as an advocacy group with a formal political agenda. Michael Nugent became the chairman and face of the new organisation.
Under Nugent’s chairmanship and using his years of experience as a campaigner against terrorism in Northern Ireland and against the ban in contraception, Atheist Ireland has defined its political agenda and set about the process of raising awareness within the public sphere, both through debates and direct political advocacy based around a secular agenda.
Currently the group is focusing on several major campaigns including the repeal of the blasphemy law, a submission to the council of Europe on protection of national minorities and an ongoing campaign for secular education and the removal of Rule 68; The controversial rule which mandates the inculcation of Christian values to be the main focus of primary school education.
On meeting Mr. Nugent I found him to be affable and erudite. While being passionate about his advocacy he managed to come across as anything but adversarial, an accusation often aimed at public atheists. He first talked about Atheist Ireland’s current political agenda.
“Well we have recently put together a list that we have sent to all politicians which we call ‘5 steps to equal civil rights in a secular Ireland’ and what we’re talking about there is a list of everything we want in terms of secular education, secular constitution, secular parliament, secular government and secular courts. That’s essentially our political agenda for the foreseeable future. Separately to that the organisation has two ends; one is to promote atheism and reason over superstition and supernaturalism and we do that through debates, articles and the website and secondly we want to promote a secular state. These are two different agendas; one we just do with our fellow citizens and are happy that religious people do the same but with regard to the secular part, what we are saying is that the state should stay out of that debate.”
The release of the latest census figures would seem to justify Atheist Irelands campaigns and lend impetus and certainty to their campaign for a more pluralist and secular country. 270,000 Irish people did not identify with any religion, an increase of 45% which at 6% of the population make non – believers the second largest census category after Roman Catholic.
Mr. Nugent however feels that in reality the true figure for non-believers is likely to be much higher based both on the reality of living in a more pluralist Ireland where mass attendance has declined and a leading census question that assumed everyone had a religion and merely asked them what the that religion was. Many people would have ticked their childhood religion but in reality not be practicing their stated religion and are “culturally Catholic”
When I asked Mr. Nugent about the census and the decline in mass attendance he said “I think it’s (religion) become a lot less relevant in Ireland and the only person who seems to realize that in the Irish Catholic Church is Archbishop Diarmuid Martin, where as the others seem to be in denial. But that said religion is still spreading in Africa and South America. It spreads most effectively where there is poverty. They will shift their marketing towards those areas. The more pluralist and secular a society becomes the less religious”.
With the release of the report from the advisory group, the Forum on Patronage and Pluralism in Primary Schools, recommending that initially 50 schools be divested from the Catholic Church around the country and that “faith formation” be thought outside of school hours, it seems that one of Atheist Ireland’s main campaigns is on the way to fruition.
With an estimated 90% of schools in Ireland currently being run by the Catholic Church and an ever more pluralist society, calls from leading politicians and senators such as Ivana Bacik for an overhaul in the education system so as to reflect the new realities of Irish life have been welcomed by Michael Nugent who says with regard to Atheist Irelands education campaign,
“Well tactically we have decided that rather than rely on the argument that secular education is a good thing socially. We’re focusing on the human rights element, which means under the Irish constitution and all sorts of treaties the Irish Government have signed up to, Irish parents have the right not to have their children indoctrinated in religious beliefs contrary to their own”. This thinking is very much in line with the Minister for Education, Ruairi Quinn’s own views regarding a pluralist education system.
While there are voices in the Church who agree with the need for such radical change, Archbishop Diarmuid Martin amongst them, there are also those who see this as an attack on their religious freedom and the Catholic character of the state. So while the campaign for secular education may be headed in the right direction as far as Mr. Nugent is concerned, it is just one of many battles Atheist Ireland will have to fight.
When public intellectuals like Richard Dawkins are being called strident or militant, the question of compromise in the context of such an important social debate becomes paramount. Mr. Nugent’s position on this is quite clear.
“There isn’t a compromise when it comes to the state but there is plenty of room for compromise when it comes to society. The distinction is we have a pluralist society where different people have different beliefs and where everybody has a right to their beliefs and a right to manifest their beliefs as long as those beliefs are not interfering in the rights of other people. In practical terms the only way to equally protect and vindicate every ones rights is for the state to remain neutral. I would be as opposed to an atheist state as I would be to a religious state”.
Atheist Ireland may be a relatively young advocacy group with just over 400 paid members and around 2,000 passive members, but it is growing with new branches opening in Cork and Limerick. The change in attitudes to religion, access to information and the increasing liberalisation of Irish society seem to indicate that while young, Atheist Ireland and its secular agenda will continue to grow and to resonate with many in Ireland. With the increasing disconnection between the Vatican and Irish Catholics, Michael Nugent may one day find himself preaching to the converted, asked where he sees Atheist Ireland going over the next few years he said,
“I used to be involved in a lot of anti terrorists groups. Our mission essentially was to put ourselves out of business and ideally the same would be true for Atheist Ireland. The only reason we exist is because it is necessary for us to exist”.